Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding Covid-19 among the Greek general population
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Center of Clinical Epidemiology and Outcomes Research (CLEO), Athens, Greece
ECONCARE LP, Athens Greece
Department of Anatomy and Surgical Anatomy, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Division of Infectious Diseases, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia
Georgia Kourlaba   

5 Chatzigianni Mexi Street, 11528, Athens, Greece, Clinical Epidemiology and Outcomes Research (CLEO)
Publication date: 2021-08-30
Pneumon 2020;33(4):1–19
Countries worldwide have adopted unprecedented infection control and prevention measures to curtail the spread of the COVID-19 virus. The success of these measures depends on the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of the general population toward COVID-19.The objective of this study was to measure the KAP of adult Greek residents toward COVID-19.

A cross-sectional nationwide survey (n=1,004) was conducted during between April 28,2020 to May 03,2020 using a mixed methodology for data collection: Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI) and Computer Assisted web Interviewing (CAWI).A proportionate stratified by region systematic sampling procedure was used to ensure a nationally representative sample of the urban/rural population. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire.

35% of respondents reported correctly the five most commonly related to COVID-19 symptoms (i.e. cough, fever, shortness of breath, gastrointestinal symptoms and myalgia). Most respondents (>90%) knew that coronavirus can be transmitted by droplets from human-to-human and contaminated surfaces. Avoiding touching the face with one’s hands and social distancing were identified as the most appropriate prevention and control measures against COVID-19 by over 95% of respondents. The median (IQR) of the total knowledge score was 17 (16-19).45.6% of respondents believed that the novel coronavirus was developed by humans in laboratories, and 79.4% and 69.0% believed that novel coronavirus is more contagious and more lethal than flu virus H1N1, respectively.41.1% of respondents stated that they had proceeded to social distancing before government measures were taken.

Overall, the Greek general population had adequate knowledge of the symptoms, transmission routes and prevention measures of the COVID-19,although there is undoubtedly still room for improvement.

COVID-19: Coronavirus Disease 2019, CATI: Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing, CAWI: Computer Assisted Web Interviewing, GLM: Generalized Linear Model, KAP: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices
This survey was partially funded by Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP).
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