Zoonoses and the lung
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Pneumon 2002;15(1):69-77
Ζoonoses are defined as infectious diseases transmitted between vertebrates and man naturally. It is estimated that there are over 180 zoonotic diseases up to date, affecting significantly both the public health and the economy sector. During the last couple of decades zoonoses are emerging or re-emerging in areas where they had disappeared for years, the phenomenon being attributed to environmental global changes and social-behavioral changes of life style in the developed and developing countries worldwide. Tuberculosis, anthrax and echinococcosis are only three of the major zoonotic diseases infecting lung. The zoonoses affecting the respiratory system are caused by various infectious agents including bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses. For that reason WHO has issued a series of measures for prevention and control of emerging zoonoses.
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