Comparison of face-to-face Education of Caregivers and Hospitalized Elderlies with COPD and Its Impact on the Elderlies’ Self-care
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Department of Nursing, Esfarayen Faculty of Medical Sciences, Esfarayen, Iran
Department of Postgraduate, School of Nursing and Midwifery, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
Department of Internal Medicine, Esfarayen Faculty of Medical Sciences, Esfarayen, Iran
Department of Biostatistic, Esfarayen Faculty of Medical Sciences, Esfarayen, Iran
Iranian Research Center on Healthy Aging, Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery School, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
Corresponding author
Nahid Hossinzadeh   

Department of Postgraduate, School of Nursing and Midwifery, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
Pneumon 2019;32(4):137-143
It is widely accepted that family members play a vital role in the health of patients with chronic diseases and promotion of healthy behaviors. This study aimed to compare face-to-face education to caregivers and elderlies with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its impact on the self-care of the elderlies.

Material and Methods:
This interventional study was carried out on 58 elderlies with COPD, who referred to a Hospital in Esfarayen, Iran from January 10, 2019 to August 30, 2019. The subjects were divided into two groups of elderly and caregiver education by random allocation. Self-care was taught to all participants individually by the researcher over four sessions. In addition, COOPDSC, CAT, and MNA questionnaires were completed by the subjects before the intervention, during discharge, and one month after the intervention.

In this study, comparison of mean self-care scores of the two groups revealed no significant difference before the intervention (P=0.06) and during discharge (P=0.12). However, there was a significant increase in the mean self-care score of the subjects in the group of education to the caregivers and elderlies, compared to the group of education to the elderlies (P=0.01).

According to the results, self-care education of elderlies and caregivers increased the level of self-care in patients. Therefore, it is recommended that the education provided by the health care providers be performed in the presence of the patient's caregiver in order to improve the patients' self-care.

This article was extracted from a master’s thesis approved in 2019 with the code of IR.nkums.REC.1395.29, registered at the clinical trials center with the code of IRCT20181001031199N1. Hereby, we extend our gratitude to the participants, nurses in Imam Khomeini Hospital in Esfarayen, as well as Mr. Saadati for assisting us in performing the research.
The project was financially supported by North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences and Esfarayen Faculty of Medical Sciences. Hereby, we would like to appreciate the vice-chancellor of research affairs for the support of the research.
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