CASE SERIES
The Breast and the Lung in systemic granulomatoses A challenging cohabitation
 
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1
4th Department of Surgery, “Attikon” University Hospital, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
2
2nd Pulmonary Medicine Department, “Attikon” University Hospital, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
3
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Corfu General Hospital, Greece
4
2nd Department of Radiology, Division of Nuclear Medicine, General University Hospital “Attikon”, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
5
Biomedical Research Foundation of the Academy of Athens, Nuclear Medicine Division, Athens, Greece
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Ilektra-Eleonora Papiri*   

Fellowship-Trained Surgeon, 4th Department of Surgery, “Attikon” University Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece, 1 Rimini Street, 12462, Haidari, Greece
 
Pneumon 2020;33(2):78–83
 
KEYWORDS
These authors contributed equally to this work.
ABSTRACT
Breast involvement in granulomatous disease is rare and may mimic cancer, while breast cancer may develop in the course of any systemic granulomatosis. We reviewed records of patients with breast disease and granulomatosis. Six females were included, all of whom diagnosed at some point with granulomatosis and a breast lesion either mimicking, breast involvement of the systemic disease, or proved to be breast cancer. This study reports the challenging cohabitation of breast cancer and any systemic granulomatosis. The rarity of said combination excludes possible pathogenetic relationship. What still remains a challenge is the unveiling of breast cancer in granulomatous diseases.
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest related to this work.
FUNDING
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-forprofit sectors.
ETHICAL APPROVAL AND INFORMED CONSENT
The study was approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of “Attikon” University Hospital, Greece (ΕΒΔ 258/29-5-14).
 
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